Updated: Jan 6, 2020
The monsoons bring a relief from the scorching heat but with their respite, they also bring along with them various illnesses. Every monsoon season, the risk of catching various diseases is extremely high due to unhygienic conditions. Many of these diseases remain undiagnosed until they progress to undesirable complications.
Here are some common diseases which are highly prevalent during this season that you should be aware about.
Influenza (Cold and Flu): Common cold is one of the most commonly occurring during the monsoon season. It is highly contagious disease due to the spread of virus in the air which infects the upper respiratory tract and thus affects the nose and the throat. The best way to prevent common cold is to have a healthy, balanced and nutritious diet regular which will develop the immune system of the body and improves the body resistance.
Cholera: Another most common and deadly bacterial disease that spreads during monsoon is cholera This disease is caused by contaminated food and water and also poor hygienic conditions. Cholera requires immediate treatment because the disease can cause death within hours. The goal is to replace lost fluids and electrolytes using a simple rehydration solution, oral rehydration salts (ORS).
Dengue: Dengue fever is a disease caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes. It is spread by what's known as the tiger mosquito (Aedes Aegypti), which has black and white stripes and typically bites early in the morning or at dawn. Dengue goes by other names, including "break bone fever. For typical dengue, the treatment is concerned with relief of the symptoms and signs. Rest and fluid intake (oral rehydration) are important. Pain relievers such as aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should only be taken under a doctor's supervision because of the possibility of worsening bleeding complications.
Viral fever: Sudden weather change often causes viral fever characterized by fatigue, chills, body aches and fever. The illness is contagious and spreads through infection droplets in the air or by coming into physical contact with infected secretions. The general treatment if side effects and symptoms using OTC drugs in consultation with their doctor, antihistamines, decongestants and antipyretic drugs are usually recommended.
Malaria: One of the most common monsoon-related diseases, malaria, is caused by certain species of mosquitoes breeding in the dirty water. Since, there is a problem of water logging during the rainy season, mosquitoes get conducive conditions to breed .This disease is spread by Female Anopheles mosquito. Preventive measures taking an antimalarial drug, application of anti-repellant mosquito creams, wearing full sleeve clothing among others.
In case you are experiencing any of signs or symptoms and need treatment, please contact your physician or visit the nearest hospital at the earliest.